Military antennas, according to the IDGA’s Military Antenna Summit considers, “the evolving development of antennas as an ever-critical component of all military communication capabilities.” To the novice military enthusiast, when one mentions a “military antenna” their first thought may be a long flexible piece of metal on military vehicles. But on the contrary, antennas are not only found on military vehicles, but they play an intricate role in air, sea, and space based expeditions that many may not be aware of. These antennas are also essential for transmitting communication with software radios and vehicle communications as well as SATCOM. But even the shape of these antennae are drastically different depending on its use, where it is located and intent, some may be as large as satellite dishes or as small as a typical car antennas.
These are used strictly for military personnel in highly demanding environments where IEDs, mines and other explosive hazards. The design of vehicle antennas are collinear dipole design, with radiating elements enclosed in fiberglass, metal parts, and some brass. From base to whip it is 1.08m in length, and 7.6lbs, of course, these can fluctuate depending on the different needs of the personnel who uses it. They have a frequency range from between 500-2000 MHz and can be put on any soft or hard shlled military vehicles.
Handheld and backpack use antennas are smaller, more compact and have a weaker frequency range than its vehicle counterparts. They cover VHF, UHF, and L-Band, its only 12in long and uses 10 watts of power, much weaker than the vehicles antenna. It has a frequency level of 25-2500MHz perfect for picking up vehicle, water and land frequencies with ease. They weigh a light 5oz and looks eerily similar to an American flashlight with a long thin metal point.
Base Station Antenna
They have a similar dipole design, similar to that of a vehicle antenna, and does not require a ground plane to operate. These are much weaker, with a frequency range of 30-88 MHz and 100 watts of power. But since these are weaker, they are also lighter, thinner, and sleeker, which means more of them can be placed around American base stations to amplify its power and radial distance of the frequency it picks up. It is 126in in length and weighs as much as 25lbs.
Did you know that specially made antennas are made and implanted in American warships around the world? Well, they are and they are not only water resistant but they are also remarkably powerful. It’s frequency ranges can be far greater than other antennas, using an astonishing 1kW PEP of power and very durable. It is made of a lightweight steel shaved to make three separate sections giving it an omnidirectional capability other antennas don’t have. It can pick up a sort of 360 degree frequency continually without being disrupted by ocean disturbances. It is 16’ in height, and can weigh as much as 3.5kg, water resistant and wind resilient so the powerful, and often unpredictable ocean winds won’t affect the antenna.